Past Simple

I watch television every evening. ( Present Simple)
I watched television yesterday evening. ( Past Simple)


watched is the Past Simple:

I/ we/ you/ they/
he/ she/ it

watch ed

Unit 9. I watched/ cleaned/ went etc. (Past Simple)


 
The Past Simple is often -ed. For example:
 

word - work ed

clean - clean ed

start - start ed

stay - stay ed

live - liv ed

dance - danc ed


These verbs are regular verbs.
 
- I clean my teeth every morning. This morning I cleaned my teeth.
- Terry worked in a bank from 1981 to 1986.
- Yesterday it rained all morning. It stopped at launchtime.
- We enjoyed the party last night. We danced a lot and talked to a lot of people.
- The party finished at midnight.
   

stud y - stud ied

marr y - marr ied

sto p - sto pped

pla n - pla nned


begin
break
bring
build
buy
catch
come
do
drink
eat

 

began
broke
brought
built
bought
caught
came
did
drank
ate

fall
find
fly
forget
get
give
go
have
hear
know

 

fell
found
flew
forgot
got
gave
went
had
heard
knew

leave
lose
make
meet
pay
put
read
ring
say
see

 

left
lost
made
met
paid
put
read (/red/)
rang
said
saw

sell
sit
sleep
speak
stand
take
tell
thing
win
write

 

sold
sat
slept
spoke
stood
took
told
thought
won
wrote


- I usually get up early but this morning I got up at 9.30.
- We did a lot of housework yesterday.
- Caroline went to the cinema three times last week.
- Mr Todd came into the room, took off this coat and sad down.

Past Simple Negative and Questions

We use did in Past Simple negatives and questions:
 

infinitive

watch
clean
play
do
go
have
begin

positive

I
we
you
they
he
she
it

watch ed
clean ed
play ed
did
went
had
began

negative

I
we
you
they
he
she
it

did not
(didn`t)

watch
clean
play
do
go
have
begin

question

did

I
we
you
they
he
she
it

watch?
clean?
play?
do?
go?
have?
begin?


do/does ( Present) - did ( Past):
 
- I don`t watch television very often.
- I didn`t watch television yesterday.
- Does she often go out?
- Did she go out last night?
 
We use did/didn`t + infinitive ( watch/ clean/do etc.):
 

I watch ed
he went

but
but

I didn`t watch
did he go?

( not I didn`t watched)
( not did he went?)


- I play ed tennis yesterday but I didn`t win.
- Don didn`t have breakfast this morning. ( not Don hadn`t breakfast)
- They went to the cinema but they didn`t enjoy the film.
- We didn`t do much work yesterday.
 
Note the word order in questions with did:
 

 

 
What
How
Where

did

Did
did
did
did

+ subject

Sue
you
the accident
your parents

+ infinitive

give
do
happen?
go

 

you a birthday present?
yesterday evening?
 
for their holidays?


short answers

short answer - positive

Yes,

reversed bracket to table

I/ we/ you/ they

bracket to table

did.

he/ she/ it

short answer - negative

No,

reversed bracket to table

I/ we/ you/ they

bracket to table

didn`t.

he/ she/ it

  • Did you see Joe yesterday? No, I didn`t.
    - Did it rain on Sunday? Yes, it did.
    - Did Helen come to the party? No, she didn`t.
    - Did your friends have a good holiday? Yes, they did.