Present Simple

Unit 5. I do/ work/ like etc. (Present Simple)

They have a lot of books.
They read a lot.

He`s eating an ice-cream.
He likes ice-cream.


They read/ I like/ he likes etc. = The Present Simple

I/ we/ you/ they

do

read

like

work

play

watch

he/ she/ it

do es

read s

like s

work s

play s

watch es

Remember:

he/ she/ it + -s

I live in London but my brother lives in Scotland

have → has

I have a lot of books but he hasn`t any books.

-es after -s/ -ch/ -sh

pas s → pas es

wat ch → wat ches

fini sh → fini shes

also:

do → do es

go → go es

 

 

stud y → stud ies

carr y → carr ies

 


We use the Present Simple for things that are true in general, or for things that happen sometimes or all the time:
 
- I like big cities.
- The shops open at 9 o`clock and close at 5:30.
- He works very hard. He starts at 7:30 and finishes at 8 o`clock in the evening.
- The Earth goes round the Sun.
- We do a lot of different things in our free time.
- She`s very clever. She speaks four languages.
- It costs a lot of money to stay at luxury hotels.
 
We use the Present Simple with always/ never/ often/ sometimes/ usually:
 
- He always gets up at 7 o`clock.
- I usually go to work by car but I sometimes walk.
- Jack eats very little. He never has breakfast in the morning.
- The weather here is not very good. It often rains.

Present Simple Negative

The Present Simple negative is don`t/ doesn`t + verb
 

Unit 6. I don`t ... (Present Simple negative)

She doesn`t smoke.

He doesn`t work.

positive

i
we
you
they

work
play
do
like

he
she
it

work s
play s
do es
like s

negative

i
we
you
they

do not
(don`t)

work
play
do
like


he
she
it

does not
(doesn`t)

- I drink coffee but I don`t drink tea.
- Sue drinks tea but she doesn`t drink coffee.
- You don`t speak English very well.
- They don`t watch television very often.
- Rice doesn`t grow in the cold countries.
- We don`t know many people in this town.
 
We use don`t/ doesn`t + infinitive (like/ do/ speak/ work etc.):
 
- I don`t like washing the car. I don`t do it very often.
- She speaks Spanish but she doesn`t speak Italian. ( not she doesn`t speaks)
 
Remember:

I/ we/ you/ they

 

don`t

 

I don`t like football.

he/ she/ it

 

doesn`t

 

He doesn`t like football.

I don`t like Fred and Fred doesn`t like me. ( not Fred don`t like)
- My car doesn`t use much petrol. ( not my car don`t use)
- Sometimes he is late but it doesn`t happen very often.

Present Simple Questions

We use do/does in Present Simple questions:
 

positive

i
we
you
they

work
play
do
like

he
she
it

work s
play s
do es
like s

question

do

I
we
you
they

work?
play?
do?
like?

does


he
she
it

Unit 7. Do you ...? (Present Simple questions)

The word order in these questions is:

 

do/does

+ subject

+

infinitive

 

 

Do

you

 

work

on Saturdays?

Where

do

your parents

 

live?

 

 

Do

they

 

like

music?

How often

do

you

 

wash

your hair?

What

do

you

usually

do

at weekends?

 

Does

Chris

often

play

tennis?

How much

does

it

 

cost

to fly to Rome?

What

does

this word

 

mean?

 


What do you do? = What`s your job?:
 
- What do you do? I work in a bank.
 
Remember:
 

do

 

I/ we/ you/ they

 

-

 

Do they like music?

does

 

he/ she/ it

 

-

 

Does he like music?


short answers :

Yes,

reversed bracket to table

I/we/you/they

do

he/she/it

does

No,

reversed bracket to table

I/we/you/they

don`t

he/she/it

doesn`t

Do you smoke? No, I don`t.
- Do they speak English? Yes, they do.
- Does he work hard? Yes, he does.
- Does your sister live in London? No, she doesn`t.