Is it ...? Have you ...? Do they ...?

positive

 

you

X

are

 

You are eating.

 

 

question

 

are

you

 

Are you eating?

 

What are you eating?

  • In questions, the first verb ( is/are/have etc.) is before the subject:

positive

 

question

 

 

subject + verb

 

 

verb +

subject

I am late.

 → 

 

Am

I late?

That seat is free.

 

Is

that seat free?

She was angry.

Why

was

she angry?

David has gone.

Where

has

David gone?

You have got a car.

 

Have

you got a car?

They will be here.

When

will

they be here?

Tom can swim.

 

Can

Tom swim?

  • Be careful with word order: the subject is after the first verb:

- Where has David gone? ( not ‘Where has gone David?’)
- Why are those people waiting? ( not ‘Why are waiting those people?’)

  • Present Simple questions: (See Unit 7. Do you ...? ( Present Simple questions )
    (вопросительные предложения в простом настоящем времени)

do (I/we/you/they)
does (he/she/it)

bracket to table

+ infinitive ( work/live/go etc.)


Past Simple questions: (See Unit 10. I didn’t ... Did you ...? (Past Simple negative and questions )
(отрицательные и вопросительные предложения в простом прошедшем времени)):
 
did (you /they /she etc .) + infinitive
 

positive

 

question

 

 

subject + verb

 

 

verb +

subject

You smoke.

 → 

 

Do you

smoke?

They live in London.

Where

do they

live?

Jack smokes.

 

Does Jack

smoke?

She gets up early.

What time

does she

get up?

They worked hard.

 

Did they

work hard?

You had dinner.

What

did you

have for dinner?

She got up early.

What time

did she

get up?


Do can also be the main verb ( do you do / did she do etc.):
 
- What do you usually do at weekends?
- ‘What does your sister do?’ ‘She works in a bank.’
- ‘I broke my leg.’ ‘How did you do that?’ ( not ‘How did you that?’)

  • Negative questions with Why ... ? (Why isn`t ...? / Why don`t ... ? etc.): Be careful with word order in these questions:
    • Where`s John? Why isn`t he here? ( not ‘Why he isn`t here?’)
      - Why can`t Paula come to the meeting? ( not ‘Why Paula can`t ...’)
      - Why didn`t you phone me last night?
       
      See Unit 42 Questions (2) Who saw you ...? Who did you see? and Unit 43 Who is she talking to? What is it like?