Key Words:
Job Areas: agriculture, coal mining, sport, law, medicine, business, information technology, the media, shipbuilding.
Professions: politician, sculptor, doctor, vet, teacher, nurse, professional footballer, scientist, lawyer, journalist, computer programmer.
Skills: communication skills, computer skills, driving, language skills, organizational ability, typing.
Qualities: cooperation, creativity, cultural awareness, flexibility, initiative, motivation, tolerance, responsibility.

Job Areas - Сферы трудовой деятельности:
agriculture - сельское хозяйство,
coal mining - угольная промышленность,
sport - спорт,
law - юриспруденция,
medicine - медицина,
business - бизнес/ предпринимательство,
information technology - информационные технологии,
the media - средства массовой информации,
shipbuilding - кораблестроение.

Professions - Профессии:
politician - политический деятель,
sculptor - скульптор,
doctor - врач,
vet - ветеринар,
teacher - учитель,
nurse - медицинская сестра/няня,
professional footballer - профессиональный футболист,
scientist - ученый,
lawyer - юрист/адвокат,
journalist - журналист,
computer programmer - программист.

Skills - Умения, навыки:
communication skills - коммуникативные навыки,
computer skills - навыки работы на компьютере,
driving - навыки вождения,
language skills - практическое владение (иностранным) языком,
organizational ability - организационные способности,
typing - навыки машинописи.

Qualities - Качества:
сooperation - сотрудничество,
сreativity - творчество,
cultural awareness - социо-культурная компетенция,
flexibility - гибкость,
initiative - инициатива,
motivation - мотивация,
tolerance - терпимость,
responsibility - ответственность.

Useful Expressions:
to make money, to have one's own business, to do one's best, to make a career, to get a promotion, to have an advantage, to accelerate rapidly, to become self-employed, to become old-fashioned, to make a living, to be made redundant, to apply for a job, to earn one's living (to do for a living), to get a well-paid job, to get (receive) a salary/holiday pay/sick pay.

To make money - делать деньги;
to have one's own business - иметь свое собственное дело;
to do one's best - делать все возможное, не жалеть сил;
to make a career - сделать карьеру;
to get a promotion - получить повышение по службе;
to have an advantage - иметь преимущество;
to accelerate rapidly - быстро расти;
to become self-employed - начать заниматься собственным бизнесом;
to become old-fashioned - становиться старомодным;
to make a living - зарабатывать на жизнь;
to be made redundant - быть уволенным (по сокращению штата);
to apply for a job - подавать заявление о приеме на работу;
to earn one's living (to do for a living) - зарабатывать на жизнь;
to get a well-paid job - получить хорошо оплачиваемую работу;
to get (receive) a salary/holiday pay/sick pay - получать заработную плату/отпускные/оплату больничного листа.

The given texts are sample texts and we recommend you to use them while getting ready with your own stories on the topic.

Job Ttends.
Survival of the Fittest.

          Between now and the 21st century citizens of the world's richest and most technologically advanced nations will find it increasingly difficult to keep up with the demand for change. For them, the future will arrive too soon. So begins Alvin Toffler's book FUTURE SHOCK, written back in 1970.
          Now people are beginning to pay attention to Toffler's prediction, because the speed of change is accelerating rapidly. It is sometimes difficult to work out the patterns of change. What should you do? First of all, don't panic.
          Take a deep breath and try to get a sense of the good things the future has to offer.
          You don't need to be a genius to predict the job areas which will be most affected by technological change. Agriculture, textiles, coal mining and heavy industry are all doing badly. On the other hand, business, the media, information technology, and the biosciences are doing really well.
          Without doubt, the number of jobs in information technology will rise dramatically. There are currently over 100 million computers in the world and by 2020 the number will be around one billion. Because of this, computer programmers and systems analysts will be in much greater demand.
          There are also many other important changes taking place in the workplace. First, the job market is getting more and more competitive and the idea of a "job for life" has already become old-fashioned. Because of this, workers will have to be more flexible.
          According to Mark Hastings of the Institute of Management, in the future people will organize their working life around a variety of contracts, instead of working just for one company.
          In the same way, companies will change; they will be organized more democratically. People will move sideways to different jobs, rather than moving up the "company ladder" as before. Many more people will work for small, dynamic companies, which can react, quickly to changes in the market. Other people will give up working for a boss and become self-employed. All this means that companies will require people who are flexible and responsible. They will also need people who can work co-operatively and get on well in a team.
          Good communication skills will be essential. According to Dr.Laurence Lyons of the Future Work Forum, women will initially have an advantage in this area. James Traeger, of the training agency Menswork, explains that many men will have to be retrained. "It's not about making men more like women, but helping men to communicate as well."
          We are undoubtedly moving towards a global economy. English will probably remain the international business language. However, understanding other people, their minds, culture and history will be vital.
          Above all, a manager will need to feel comfortable working with people from other cultures and coping with cultural differences.
          New technology is the driving force behind the rapidly changing workplace, so don't get left behind. You don't need to become a computer expert, but you must consider improving your computer skills. Work with more than one program in case you have to use them at work, and try to read about all the latest technology.
          Undoubtedly, all this new technology is changing the way we work and offering many alternative ways of working. Rather than go into an office, a lot of people are connected to the Internet and now work from home. Working like this may give you the flexibility you want - to live where you want, to continue your studies and to have a lot more free time. That must be good news.

My Plans for the Future.

          I have asked myself a lot of times: "What do I want to be when I leave school?" A few years ago it was difficult for me to give a definite answer. As the years passed I changed my mind a lot of times about which science or field of industry to specialize in. It was difficult to make up my mind and choose one of the hundreds jobs to which I might be better suited.
          I wanted to become a doctor. I thought it was a very noble profession. I was good at biology and chemistry. I wanted to help people who had problems with health. I knew that a doctor should be noble in work and life, kind and attentive to people, responsible and reasonable, honest and prudent. A doctor, who is selfish, dishonest can't be good at his profession. I tried to do my best to develop good traits in myself.
          Now it seems to me I have already decided what to do. I'd like to be a teacher. I know that it's very difficult to become a good teacher. You should know perfectly the subject you teach, you must be well educated and well informed. An ignorant teacher teaches ignorance, a fearful teacher teaches fear, a bored teacher teaches boredom. But a good teacher develops in his pupils the burning desire to know and love for the truth and beauty. As John Steinbeck once said, a great teacher is a great artist and you know how few great artists there are in the world. Teaching might even be the greatest of the arts. It's a great responsibility to bring up children. I think that's the reason why teachers are deeply respected. But I'm not sure yet if I am going to become a teacher, because they are not well payed enough.
          When you leave school you understand that the time to choose your future profession has come. It's not an easy task to make the right choice of a job. I have known for a long time that leaving school is the beginning of my independent life, the beginning of a far more serious examination of my abilities and character.
          More and more people realize that every educated person should know a foreign language. No matter what I am to be in the future I know quite well just now I must know English perfectly.

Рекомендации к теме

Цель изучения темы 1 "Choosing а Career" в том, чтобы Вы научились не только отвечать на вопросы по теме, но и умели выразить свое мнение, отношение к высказыванию и к заданному вопросу, научились анализировать свои человеческие качества, а также прочитали текст о перспективных профессиях в будущем, и это, возможно, поможет Вам в дальнейшем в выборе профессии.

Изучая тему 1, Вы должны проверить, знаете ли Вы все слова и выражения, приведенные в теоретическом материале. Если Вы не знаете значения каких-либо английский слов, найдите их в любых англо-русских и англо-английских (толковых) словарях. Значения этих слов и выражений Вы должны знать наизусть и ОБЯЗАТЕЛЬНО использовать их при выполнении заданий.

Отвечая на вопросы заданий, опирайтесь как на собственный жизненный опыт, так и на опыт знакомых Вам людей. Ваша задача научиться формулировать свои мысли и чувства на английском языке.