primary school, comprehensive school, boarding school, private/public school, assessment, timetable, curriculum, uniform, facilities, after-school clubs, gymnasium, secondary education, further/higher education, marks, tutor, compulsory education, allowance.
|Primary school - начальная школа;
comprehensive school - единая средняя школа (в Великобритании);
boarding school- пансион/интернат;
private/public school - частная школа (в Великобритании);
assessment - оценивание;
timetable - расписание;
curriculum - учебный план;
uniform - форма (одежды);
facilities - оборудование/аппаратура;
after-school clubs - кружки, работающие после уроков;
gymnasium - спортивный зал;
secondary education - среднее образование;
further/higher education- дальнейшее/высшее образование;
marks - отметки;
tutor - наставник, воспитатель, репетитор;
compulsory education - обязательное обучение;
allowance - стипендия.
to take/do/sit an exam, to pass/do well in an exam, to fail/do badly, to skip classes/lectures, to catch up with, to fall behind, to get on with, to make a mistake, to get university entrance exams, to look up a word in the dictionary, to study a foreign language, to do sport, to be good/bad at.
|To take/do/sit an exam - cдавать экзамен;
to pass/do well in an exam - успешно сдать экзамен;
to fail/do badly - провалиться на экзамене, плохо его сдать;
to skip classes/lectures - прогуливать уроки лекции;
to catch up with - догнать кого-то ( в учебе);
to fall behind - отстать в учебе;
to get on with - ладить с кем-то;
to make a mistake - сделать ошибку;
to get university entrance exams - сдавать вступительные экзамены в университет;
to look up a word in the dictionary - посмотреть слово в словаре;
to do sport - заниматься спортом;
to be good/bad at - хорошо/плохо что-то делать, быть способным/неспособным к чему-то.
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Free, compulsory education is available for all children between the ages of 6 and 17 in Russia. Most children attend pre-school kindergarten and continue further education after the age of 17. Even remote areas have a full education service. Until the 1990s all schools and tertiary institutions were run by the state. But since then, a number of private, fee-paying schools have opened and some universities began to charge tuition fees.
Children attend school five or six days a week. The school day normally runs from 8.30 until 3.00 p.m. Pupils study basic subjects, including Russian Language and Literature, Mathematics, Physics, History and a foreign language. Russian is a compulsory subject for all schools, though ethnic minorities have the right to teaching and textbooks in their own languages. Among the foreign languages taught at Russian schools English is the most popular nowadays.
There are two types of secondary schools. Most pupils attend general secondary schools and particularly gifted pupils are selected for special secondary schools, where they receive extra tuition in such subjects as music, art, languages or mathematics.
There are also vocational secondary schools where pupils are trained for their future job alongside regular studies.
Higher education is important in Russia. There are universities and technical colleges in all Russian cities. Students in higher education are given a small allowance from the government
The M.V. Lomonosov State University in Moscow is generally regarded as the most prestigious of Russia's institutions of higher education. Founded in 1735, it is also the oldest university and today has about 20,000 full-time students.
Since the 1990s, curricula have been updated, placing less emphasis on political ideology and introducing new technologies into the teaching and learning process. New courses, such as business management, are preparing students for the new Russia.
Many schools in Russia are wired for modern communications and media technologies. Computers, modems, CD-ROMs, educational software programmes, satellite dishes, and Internet access are rapidly becoming part of education from kindergarten to college. New technologies have made available to students multimedia educational materials that combine print, images, and sound into sophisticated presentations. Some of this material is interactive so learners can develop projects using Internet and create presentations with 3D animations, sound and video.
Modern education allows Russia's young people to grow up empowered to decide their future for themselves.