(When People Ask Questions)

He asked Jane if she could help him.

Reported Questions.

  1. When we report questions we use ask as the introductory (reporting) verb.
    She asked him if he was going to the cinema.
  2. You always ask a person.
    "Can you help me?"
    When we report this question, we must know the name of the person the questioner was speaking to.
    He asked Jane if she could help him.
  3. The original question in 1 is "Are you going to the cinema?"
    When we report the question, we change the question into a statement.
    "Do you play tennis in the summer?" - He asked her if she played tennis in the summer.
  4. When the question needs a yes or no answer, we introduce the reported question with if.
    She asked him if he was going to the cinema.
    He asked Jane if she could help him.
    He asked her if she played tennis in the summer.
  5. When the question begins with a question word - who, what, where, when, how, etc. we introduce the reported question with the original question word.
    "What are you doing tonight?" - He asked her what she was doing tonight.
    "Where do you spend your holidays?" - She asked him where he spent his holidays.
  6. We make the following tense changes:
    Present Simple to Past Simple.
    "Do you come here often?" - He asked her if she came there often.
    Present Continuous to Past Continuous.
    "What are you doing?" - She asked him what he was doing.
    Past Simple or Present Perfect to Past Perfect.
    "Where did you buy that dress?" - She asked her where she had bought that dress.
    "Have you been to Italy?" - They asked him if he had been to Italy.

    Will becomes would.
    "Where will you be on 4th June?" - She asked him where he would be on 4th June.
    Can becomes could.
    "When can you help me with this exercise? - He asked her when she could help him with the exercise."


Рекомендации к теме

Обратите внимание на порядок слов в косвенных вопросах - он становится прямым, как и в утвердительных предложениях, т.е. - существительное перед глаголом.