When you are getting ready to answer this topic you'd better work according to the following plan.

  • Name of the place you live in.
  • Its location.
  • How old it is.

    Main part.
  • Size of the place.
  • Population.
  • Jobs.
  • Buildings.
  • Transport.
  • Shops.
  • Education.
  • Industries.
  • Entertainment.

  • Opinions (your own /official /your relatives and friends).

Key Words:
a political, cultural and scientific center; the capital of; a cathedral; a church; settlers; a fortress; a palace; pedestrians; leisure time; sights; a library; ancient; landmark; modern; to challenge; royal; origin; industrial; a house; an appartment / a flat; a block of flats; a mansion; a cottage; a semi-dettached house; heavy traffic; traffic jams; to move.

A political, cultural and scientific center - политический, культурный и научный центр;
the capital of - столица чего-то;
a cathedral - собор;
a church - церковь;
settlers - поселенец;
a fortress - крепость;
a palace - дворец;
pedestrians - пешеходы;
leisure time - свободное время /досуг;
sights - достопримечательности;
a library - библиотека;
ancient - древний;
landmark - веха /архитектурный памятник /наземный ориентир;
modern - современный;
to challenge - бросать вызов;
royal- королевский;
origin - происхождение;
industrial - промышленный.
an appartment / a flat - квартира;
a block of flats - многоквартирный дом;
a mansion - усадьба;
a semi-dettached house - дом на две семьи;
heavy traffic - интенсивное дорожное движение;
traffic jams - дорожные пробки;
to move - переезжать.

Useful Expressions:
to be surrounded by, to be surprised at, to decorate with, to be held on special occasion, to be famous for; from all over the world; used to do something; not far from; on the bank of the river; on the coast; to for one's living.

To be surrounded by - быть окруженным чем-то,
to be surprised at - удивиться чему-то,
to decorate with - украшать чем-то,
to be held on special occasion - проводиться по особо торжественным случаям,
to be famous for - быть знаменитым /известным чем-то;
from all over the world - со всего мира;
used to do something - иметь обыкновение (привычку) делать что-то в прошлом;
not far from - недалеко от;
on the bank of the river - на берегу реки;
on the coast - на побережье;
to for one's living - зарабатывать на жизнь.

The given texts are sample texts and we recommend you to use it while getting ready with your own stories on the topic.


          In 1918 Moscow again became the national capital of Russia. However, the origins of the city go back more than 850 years, when settlers on the north bank of the Moskva River built a "kreml", a walled fortress. Inside the walls were the most important buildings, such as churches, arsenals and a palace. Several Russian cities began as kremlins (the English form of "kreml").
          The Moscow Kremlin is the seat of the Russian President and his administration. Here, there are magnificent ancient domed churches and cathedrals, a former royal palace and museums. The Kremlin Palace of Congresses, built in 1961 to be the meeting place of the Communist Party, is now the biggest concert hall in Moscow.
          Moscow is a city of theatres, concert halls, cinemas, museums and libraries. Muscovites think of themselves as the most cultured people in Russia, though the people of Russia's former capital of St.Petersburg challenge this claim.
          In the north-east of the Kremlin is Red Square, where parades are held on special occasions. Landmarks in Red Square include St. Basil's Cathedral, which is made up of nine chapels each with its own elaborately decorated roof. Beneath the Kremlin's eastern wall, there is a mausoleum where visitors could see the embalmed body of Vladimir Lenin, leader of the Communist Russian Revolution in 1917.
          There are a lot of other sights in Moscow, both old and modern. For example, the Arbat, in the older part of Moscow, was the first street in the city for pedestrians only. In fair weather, it is full of tourists and shoppers.
          The Moscow Metro is considered to be the most elegant underground rail line in the world. Its stations, often called underground palaces decorated with marble, granite and crystal, are kept spotless by armies of cleaners. It carries millions of passengers a day and is the most important means of transport in Moscow.
          Muscovites eat 170 tonnes of ice-cream every day, even when winter temperatures drop to -20°C. They are also animal lovers who keep thousands of cats, dogs and birds as pets. Like any other city dwellers, they like to spend much of their leisure time in the surrounding countryside.

The City Where I Live.

          I live in Cairo, which is the capital of Egypt. It is a very old city and was founded thousands of years ago.
          Cairo has grown into a very big city. There are more than ten million people here. A lot of them have come from the countryside because there are more jobs here.
          I live in an apartment near the city centre. It is a busy, exciting place. It has cinemas and shops, but unfortunately there is a lot of traffic too. Many tourists come from all over the world to see the Pyramids, which are near the city.
          I like Cairo because it is big and exciting. I have a lot of friends and it is easy to meet new people. I am glad that I live here, but my mother doesn't like it. She used to live in the countryside, and she would like to go back one day.

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