Key Words:
"Christmas":associated with, sleigh, reindeer, fertility, mistletoe.
"Computers in Our Life":to provide users with, to contain, vendors, a broad range, established, to convince, to maneuver the mouse, to be in charge of, find out, hands-on experience.

Associated with - ассоциировать, связывать;
sleigh - сани;
reindeer - северный олень;
fertility - плодородие, изобилие;
mistletoe - омела.

To provide users with - обеспечивать пользователей чем-то;
to contain - cодержать;
vendors - продавец, поставщик;
a broad range - широкий спектр;
established - устанавливать;
to convince - убеждат;ь
to maneuver the mouse - работать мышкой (компьютерной);
to be in charge of - отвечать за;
find out - выяснить;
hands-on experience - практический опыт.

Read the texts and be ready to answer the questions given in the tasks.


          Most people in Britain see Christmas as the major festival of the year - an occasion for parties, giving and receiving gifts, eating and drinking, and generally having fun.
          The many non-religious traditions associated with Christmas are in fact not very old, dating back only to the 19th century. These are mostly for children. On Christmas Eve, children hang stockings at the end of their beds or over the fireplace. They are told that Father Christmas, or Santa Claus, arrives at night from the North Pole on his flying sleigh pulled by flying reindeer, climbs down the chimney and fills each stocking with presents. The children open their presents on Christmas morning.
          At Christmas people decorate their houses with holly, ivy and mistletoe and children hang paper streamers (ribbons of coloured paper). Decorating a house with mistletoe is a very old custom, which may have something to do with the Druidical belief in its powers of fertility. The custom is to hang mistletoe from the ceiling, for people to kiss under.
          A traditional feature of Christmas is the Christmas tree. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert popularized this German tradition in Britain. The first Christmas trees were introduced there about 160 years ago.
          Lunch is the most important point of Christmas Day. The traditional lunch consists of roast turkey with vegetables, followed by Christmas (plum) pudding made with dried fruit and brandy. Sometimes a coin is put in the pudding as a surprise.
          Later, in the afternoon you may be visited by carol singers, who go around towns and villages singing Christmas songs, such as Good King Wenceslas or The First Noel, and collecting money for charity.

Computers in Our Life.

          The Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC) is a national information system designed to provide users with ready access to an extensive body of education-related literature. Established in 1966 and supported by the US Department of Education, the ERIC database is the world's largest source of education information, containing nearly a million abstracts of documents and journal articles. You can access the ERIC database on-line via the Internet or commercial vendors, on CD-ROM, or through the printed abstract journals. The database is updated monthly (quarterly on CD-ROM), ensuring that the information you receive is timely and accurate.
          The ERIC system, through its 16 subject-specific clearinghouses, associated adjunct clearinghouses, and support components, provides a variety of services and products that can help you stay up to date on a broad range of education-related issues. Products include research summaries, bibliographies, reference and referral services, computer searches, and document reproduction. Ask ERIC is a free, personalized, Internet-based question-answering service for professional educators and anyone interested in the theory and practice of education.
          Those who work with adult learners report that these learners do not seem to have a fear of computers nor do they need to be convinced of the importance and value of technology in the classroom. In fact, students need to know very little about computers to use computer software. As far as the keyboard is concerned, knowing how to use the enter key, the shift key, the space bar, and the tab key will enable them to get started. Students do not need to know how to type to use a computer. Just as students can learn grammar in context, they can learn how to type by using a computer.
          Students who are unfamiliar with using a mouse will need to be shown how to maneuver it correctly including how to push down on the mouse to hold it steady and how the cursor moves along with the mouse on the screen. Students also should understand how to click on the menu bar to start, quit, and exit programs. Don't worry; you can't break anything. If you press the wrong keys, you'll just get an error message.
          No one person is in charge of the Internet, it is organized chaos out there; it is constantly changing and growing. So the more you go on-line, the more you'll find out about what's out there. Jump in and get your feet wet. The best way to learn is through hands-on experience.

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