Read the text «Russia».
Russia is my native country. It is the largest country in the world. Russia is a transcontinental country, and the Ural Mountains that run from north to south is a natural border between two continents: Europe and Asia. \(12\) seas are linked to Russia via the Pacific, the Arctic and the Atlantic. Russia covers a total area of over 17 million square kilometres. The size of our country is stunning and every tourist travelling from east to west admires it. The population of Russia is more than \(145\) million. There are a lot of nationalities in Russia, and people speak different languages. Russian is the official language.
The land of Russia varies greatly. We have thick forests and vast plains, high mountains and deep valleys. The main mountain chains are the Caucasus, the Urals and the Altai. Russia is rich in rivers and lakes. The longest river on the European territory of Russia is the Volga, which flows into the Caspian Sea. The main Siberian rivers are the Ob, the Yenisei and the Lena. The world’s deepest lake, Lake Baikal, is also situated in Russia. The water in this lake is very clear. There is also a wide variety of wildlife in Russia.
Russia is a country without a climate because it has every possible climate from arctic in the north to subtropical in the south. In the west, for example, the climate is usually mild and wet. The southern parts of the country have warm temperatures all year round, but the northern parts have very cold winters. In the middle of the country the climate is usually continental. Winters are cold, windy and snowy, and summers are hot and dry. Russia is rich in mineral resources. Three quarters (\(3/4\)) of the country’s minerals and fuels, including oil, natural gas, coal, diamonds and gold, are concentrated in Siberia and the Far East. Russia is a country of great traditions. There are many villages in Russia famous for their specific crafts. Painted boxes from Palekh and wooden tableware from Khokhloma are well known all over the world. Log houses decorated with wood carving are typical of Russian villages.
There are a lot of Russian symbols. One of them is the Russian national flag. This flag is made up of three stripes: white, blue and red. These colours have always been symbolic in Russia. They symbolize nobleness, honesty, courage and love. Another Russian symbol is a double-headed eagle. It was introduced in Russia in \(1497\) by Tsar Ivan \(III\). Also there are other famous symbols of our country like the Spasskaya Tower and Red Square.
Traditional Russian souvenirs like Matryoshkas, Palekh boxes and wooden Khokhloma plates are very popular among tourists. We, Russians, love our homeland and are very proud of it. We would like foreigners to understand our beautiful country.
Write three words into each gap:
1. There are a lot of nationalities in Russia and people .
2. The main mountain chains are the Caucasus, the Urals and the Altai. Russia is rich in .
3. They symbolize nobleness, honesty, .